Sandy Simpson's refutation on "you
7 .The use of elohim in Psalm 82, probably in reference
to wicked judges, as cited by Jesus in John 10:34-36, does not mean that
men really can be gods.
a. It is Asaph, not the Lord, who calls the judges elohim
in Psa. 82:1, 6. This is important, even though we agree that Psa. 82
b. Asaph's meaning is not "Although you are gods, you will die
like men," but rather "I called you gods, but in fact you
will all die like the men that you really are"
c. The Psalmist was no more saying that wicked judges were truly gods
than he was saying that they were truly "sons of the Most High"
d. Thus, Psa. 82:1 calls the judges elohim in irony. They had quite
likely taken their role in judgment (cf. point 5 above) to mean they
were elohim, or gods, and Asaph's message is that these so-called gods
were mere men who would die under the judgment of the true elohim (vss.
e. Christ's use of this passage in John 10:34-36 does not negate the
above interpretation of Psalm 82
f. The words, "The Scripture cannot be broken," means "the
Scripture cannot go without having some ultimate fulfillment" (cf.
John 7:23; Matt. 5:17). Thus Jesus is saying that what the OT judges
were called in irony, He is in reality; He does what they could not
do, and is what they could never be (see the Adam-Christ contrasts in
Rom. 5:12-21 and 1 Cor. 15:21-22, 45 for a similar use of OT Scripture)
g. The clause, "those against whom the word of God came" (John
10:35) shows that this "word" was a word of judgment against
the so-called gods; which shows that they were false gods, not really
gods at all
h. Finally, these wicked men were certainly not "godlike"
or "divine" by nature, so that in any case the use of elohim
to refer to them must be seen as figurative, not literal
8. Even if men were gods (which they are not), this
would be irrelevant to Jesus, since He was God as a preexistent spirit
before creation: John 1:1